Treatment of periodontal disease
If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, there is a chance that it can often be treated successfully.

Non-surgical first step usually involves a special cleaning, exfoliation to remove plaque and tartar from the tooth and root surfaces. This procedure helps the healing of gingival and it helps narrow the periodontal pockets. This is sometimes known as “periodontal cleaning” or “deep cleaning”.

Your dentist may also prescribe you drugs to control infection and pain, or drugs to cure the wound. These medications can be in the form of a pill, liquid or substances that the dentist places directly in periodontal pockets after cleaning and removal of stones.

On the next visit, the dentist checks the depth of the pocket to determine the effect of cleaning. At this stage, most patients need no further active treatment, but only preventive care. If periodontal pockets are deep and bone is dissolved, than it would require surgical treatment to prevent tooth loss. One can be referred for treatment to periodontist, dentist who is specialized in the treatment of diseases of the tooth supporting structures – gingival and osseous tissue.

If periodontal pockets do not heal, and surgery is needed, during the surgery the inflamed tissue and bone damage located around the tooth will be reduced. During the time when magnified pockets, is providing greater space for the survival of bacteria and attack the bone and tissue.

During dental surgery there will be possible insight into difficult spaces where stones and plaque are accumulated among gums and roots. By eliminating bacterial heap, bone regeneration and tissue helps reduce pockets and repair damage caused by progressive disease.

The dentist may recommend additional procedures. Bone surgery, including transplantation of bone, used for reconstruction or reshaping bone damaged by periodontal disease. Membranes (filters), bone transplants or tissue stimulating proteins can be used to promote the ability of the body to the bone and tissue regeneration.

Splintet, braces or dentures can be used for stabilization of teeth floating and enable regeneration of tissue during healing. If a large proportion of the gingiva is lost, soft tissue transplantation (gingival graft) can be performed. Graft can reduce withdrawal of gingiva and bone loss.

Soft tissue grafts can be used for root coverage or gingival tissue development during excessive withdrawal of gingiva. During this procedure, the gingival tissue to cover bare roots is taken from your palate or another donor source. This procedure can be done for one or more teeth to equalize gingiva’s and reduce sensitivity.

After completion of periodontal treatment, your dentist will require you visit at regular intervals. Your visits can be passed from general dentist to periodontists. Regular cleaning helps to control the plaque retention and reduction of stone formation, but cannot prevent it entirely. It is necessary to have regular checks and frequent dredging to keep gingiva’s free from diseases.

If you are a smoker, ask your dentist or doctor for information about stopping the habit successfully. Tobacco contains chemicals that slow down the healing process.